A review of the law in Scotland on hunting with dogs is due to be published later on Monday.
Hunting of foxes with hounds was banned under the Protection of Wild Mammals (Scotland) Act, passed in 2002.
But there are not thought to have been any successful prosecutions – and police have branded the legislation “unworkable”.
The review by senior judge Lord Bonomy was ordered by Scottish ministers last year.
Its remit was to examine whether the existing law gave adequate protection to wild mammals, while at the same time allowing effective control of these animals where necessary.
At present, dogs can still be used to flush out foxes and chase them towards the hunts, where the foxes are shot.
But there have been allegations that the law has been broken because guns have not been visibly present.
At the weekend, two charities published what they claimed was proof that a fox was killed by dogs during a recent hunt in Renfrewshire.
A post-mortem examination of the animal concluded that a gun wound was unlikely to be the main cause of death and that extensive other injuries were likely to have been inflicted by dogs.
The Countryside Alliance said the animal had been shot in accordance with the law.
In a written submission to Lord Bonomy’s review, Police Scotland said the legislation creates confusion which can deflect from the spirit of the law.
It said terms such as “stalking”, “searching”, and “flushing” were not clearly defined – and it called for a simplified and expanded list of offences.
The submission also noted that there are currently many exceptions to the offence, which can be exploited by those determined to continue hunting with dogs.
A vote on relaxing hunting laws in England and Wales was shelved last year after SNP MPs indicated they would vote against it.
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